Sunday, April 3, 2011

Philosophers' Carnival #123

Welcome to the Philosophers' Carnival #123! The theme for the carnival is philosophy of religion, though we have plenty of general philosophy as well.

Philosophy of religion
Jonathan Livengood's Causal Over-Determination and Cosmological Arguments at Unshielded Colliders questions a causal principle used by some in the science/religion debate to undermine the cosmological argument.

Kenny Pearce discusses a theistic (or at least anti-naturalistic) argument from reactive attitudes, and Alexander Pruss offers a related argument.

David Fryman's post at The Bennett Commentary attempts to "reconcile the idea that God exercises providence over our day-to-day lives with the idea that events in the world seem to be caused by other prior events." His suggestion is to compare "God’s relationship with humanity to an author’s relationship with his fictional characters."
Chris Bateman presents a discussion of Alain Badiou's Truth and argues that Badiou's view "has a highly confused relationship with religion."

Logic and Philosophy of Language
Martin Cooke discusses Simmons' paradox. The April issue of The Reasoner has a related essay by Martin called "Liars, Divine Liars, and Semantics revisited"

Ethics and Political Philosophy

Namit Arora looks at some theories of distributive justice in What do we deserve?

Your humble correspondent traces the history of action theory and double effect through Augustine, Proclus and Aristotle.

Over at PEA Soup, Edward Slingerland’s “The Situationist Critique and Early Confucian Virtue Ethics” (from Ethics vol. 121, issue 2) is the subject of some interesting discussion.

Philosophy of Science
Michael S. Pearl's Philosophy in Science discusses the scientific utility of the philosophy of science, touching on Kuhn, Papineau, and Nozick.

Vincenzo Crupi presents his post on the Wason selection task and the logic of confirmation. 

Experimental Philosophy
Shen-yi Liao presents "Genre and Folk Evaluations of Art," joint work with Jonathan Phillips, at Go Grue! Their research "shows that ordinary people do implicitly take moral evaluations to be relevant for aesthetic evaluations (contrary to what they may profess)."

The state of the discipline

At Inside Higher Ed, you can read an overview of recent discussions from New APPS and Feminist Philosophers about fighting sexual harassment in philosophy, inspired in part by What is it like to be a woman in philosophy? (which is starting up again soon). Also, a new blog is starting up-- What We're Doing About What It's Like-- to discuss what should be done about the harassment issue.

Finally, there's controversy in the UK as the Arts and Humanities Research Council seems to be bringing partisan politics into academic research funding. There is a petition here. Thom Brooks provides more details here and here.
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Thanks for reading and submitting! The next carnival is April 25, hosted by Philosophy@Utah StateWant to host a future Philosophers' Carnival?

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